History of the Albanian Tax System
Economic

History of the Albanian Tax System

History of the Albanian Tax System We have divided the development of the Albanian tax system into five periods as follows: 1. The beginning of the XV century until the creation of the Albanian state. 2. The Albanian state (1912-1924). 3. Creation of the Republic and Kingdom of Albania (1925-1944). 4. Liquidation of the tax […]

Legal Framework of Competition Law
Law

Legal Framework of Competition Law

Legal Framework of Competition Law Going back to 25 years ago, we notice that in the Civil Code of 1994 of the Civil Code were provided two provisions against competition which are: Article 638 “Subject to the provisions relating to the protection of distinctive marks and patent rights, acts of unfair competition shall be carried […]

Documentation I need to go to court
Law

Documentation I need to go to court

Documentation I need to go to court Basic documentation for using the old age pension and the old age vocabulary pension as another with many children: • Photocopy of ID card; • Certificate of marital status; • Marriage certificate (only for female applications); • Certificate from the Commune / Municipality for the change of generality; […]

Principles of the Test Process
Law

Principles of the Test Process

Principles of the Test Process The principle of adversarial proceedings is one of the basic principles of the probation process. The process of proving is the process that undergoes the direction of adversarial proceedings. Just as the plaintiff has the right and obligation to prove what he claims, so the defendant has the right and […]

The meaning of "adjudicated thing"
Law

The meaning of “adjudicated thing”

The meaning of “adjudicated thing” To address the principle of the adjudicated matter, and the final form of court decisions referred to in Article 451 of the Code of Civil Procedure, followed by a series of legal debates regarding the final form of judgments of the Court of Appeals and the recourse as an ordinary […]

Independence of the court in the implementation of due process
Law

Independence of the court in the implementation of due process

Independence of the court in the implementation of due process The judiciary’s independence as a principle is reflected in its independence and autonomy from bodies of legislative and executive power and political parties, the state and all other institutions, centres of power, public opinion, and all other sources of possible pressure. The state of independence […]

Court in enforcement
Law

Court in enforcement

Court in enforcement This process’s progress is closely linked to the judiciary’s independence, which is necessary for respecting the rule of law. A judge of the Constitutional Court in his opinion expressed in the position of the minority for the decision of this Court, no. 11/2004, states that “The principle of the rule of law […]

Principle of officiality
Law

Principle of Official

Principle of Official The principle of official acts according to its mission, without being related to the parties’ proposal, so it is the opposite of the direction of availability. The principle of officiality is based on Article 42/2 of the Constitution and Article 6 of the K.E.D.Nj. Article 4 K.P.C. provides that “The court takes […]

implementation of due process
Law

Implementation of Due Process

Implementation of Due Process The first factor refers to the legal system and the judicial system, while the second factor refers more to the judges’ opinion. These factors are interconnected. A judge will not feel free to make his decision based solely in law if the legal system and its terms of service do not […]